Shoulder instability occurs when the head of the humerus ( the bone of the upper arm, which forms shoulder bones) is forced out of the shoulder joint socket. This can result from trauma. Shoulder instability can also be generalised as a laxity in the joint which can occur without trauma and also cause instability as the restraining structures of the shoulder become loosened.
This is a partial dislocation of the shoulder joint. It will often respond to Physiotherapy treatments consist of soft tissue manipulation and strengthening exercises for around the thoracic spine, shoulder blade and to the rotator cuff muscles within the joint.
Subluxations that continue despite a good effort at conservative treatment may require a surgical intervention to reinforce the damaged soft tissues.
This is a complete dislocation of the shoulder joint usually associated with significant injury or trauma. During a dislocation the ligament on the front of the joint becomes damaged causing a bankart lesion. This can cause catching and usually requires surgery. A Orthopaedic consultant may be happy for you to have Physiotherapy rather than surgery and this treatment would focus on strengthening the muscles around the joint to increase its stability.
Shoulder instability and dislocations can cause frequent pain without the intervention of Physiotherapy, strengthening exercises and in some cases surgery. East Cliff Physiotherapy team are experts in the management of shoulder pain and rehabilitation. Contact Us to see how we can help you.